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Hemorrhoids are a very common complaint in pregnant women, especially during the last three months of gestation and after delivery. These ailments, also known as piles, are caused by the inflammation of small veins in the area of the anus and rectum.
Many factors cause hemorrhoids in addition to pregnancy. Constipation, obesity and lack of physical exercise, a poor diet and the abuse of laxatives also favor the appearance of these discomforts that cause itching, pain, sensation of rectal wetness and anal bleeding.
Pregnancy is one of the most frequent causes of the appearance of hemorrhoids due to the body and lifestyle changes women undergo. They usually occur during the last trimester or in the stage of labor when pushing occurs.
The reason that hemorrhoids appear is the same that causes varicose veins. By increasing the uterus size, this presses on the veins in the pelvic area and blood circulation is reduced, causing a widening of the blood vessels.
The constipation suffered by many pregnant women can be the origin of these discomfort or, generally, aggravate their condition. The effort that takes place when you go to the bathroom, or when pushing in childbirth, often causes the appearance of hemorrhoids. Women who already suffered from this ailment before becoming pregnant are more likely to reappear the problem.
There are some recommendations to avoid hemorrhoids as much as possible during gestation and childbirth. First of all, you should avoid constipation by eating a diet rich in fiber, based on cereals, fruits and some vegetables. It is very important that you stay hydrated and avoid leading a sedentary life in these months. When you rest or go to sleep, try to lean on your left side to reduce the pressure on the uterus.
Experts also recommend performing Kegel exercises daily, as they favor the strengthening of the muscles of the anal and vaginal area and improve blood circulation in this area.
The discomfort of hemorrhoids can decrease the quality of life of pregnant women. To relieve pain and itching in the rectal area, it is recommended that you alternate hot-cold treatments. Apply a compress or an ice pack to the area and continue with a warm bath for 10-15 minutes to reduce inflammation.
It is very important that you maintain a good hygiene when you go to the bathroom so that the problem of hemorrhoids does not get worse. Use soft toilet paper or special wipes for this inflammation. In the event that the pain is unbearable, go to the specialist to prescribe a suitable pain reliever for pregnancy.
Patricia garcia. Editor of our site
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