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Social skills problems can be treated in several ways, the most common and recommended is through therapies with specialized psychologists.
A psychologist can show these children techniques to help them learn to have conversations with other people, to defend their opinions to others, or to have adequate communication skills.
Other social skills such as conflict management, increasing self-esteem and self-confidence, or learning to reduce anxiety and aggressiveness can also be treated. It is important that regardless of the therapy chosen, it meets the following objectives:
- Provide basic socialization elements, for example, that children learn to say thanks, start a conversation with a hello, ask permission, know how to say things nicely ... Some of the techniques that we put into practice are 'roleplaying' games, where children They must act according to the character assigned to them. In this way, while playing they are learning to adopt different behaviors according to the situation that arises.
- Provide tools that allow children to express their own wants and needs. For example, if a girl never says what she likes and always ends up playing what others want, one day she may explode and get angry because no one listens to her. In this case, he should be taught to make requests and to know how to express his own feelings.
- Provide elements of conflict prevention and management, through relaxation techniques that teach them to know how to listen and avoid aggression. For example, if a child gets angry with his teacher, he must learn not to confront her but to perform the 'turtle technique' (lower his head) and accept what the teacher tells him.
- Encourage the construction of social ties, so that these children treat people with empathy, solidarity and social commitment. That they are aware that if they ignore a person that can make them feel sad and that if on the contrary they play with them, they will feel better.
All this is what can be achieved by performing simple exercises or educational games performed with psychologists on a regular basis. The sessions can be individual or in small groups, although the latter are recommended more, since this way, exercises that encourage cooperation and teamwork can be carried out.
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