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Baby Blues is a term that is used when we refer to puerperal or postpartum sadness, which affects 80% -85% of mothers during the days that follow childbirth, probably due to the hormonal changes they are suffering in this crucial moment of their lives, but also to the fatigue, nerves and lack of sleep that the new situation brings.
It is known that after delivery there is an increase in estrogens and progesterone that influence the emotional state of the woman (this effect is observed in the days before menstruation). To all this cocktail of hormones we have to add the changes in daily life, the demands that a baby makes ...
The new mom may have sudden mood swings in which she feels sadness and anxiety, a feeling of emptiness, difficulty sleeping or excessive sleep. Easy crying or sobbing, irritability, guilt for not being happy, as expected by your family environment; need for help, which is usually not able to ask, pessimistic thoughts, appetite disturbances, either with an excess intake of food or loss of desire to eat.
The woman may also feel:
- Fatigue and lack of energy, although the mother will be more tired due to the lack of a good night's sleep.
- Difficult to focus.
- You may suffer from headaches, digestive disorders or chronic pain.
But the biological aspect expresses part of the problem, and the mother is also subjected to a situation of psychological stress due to the change in life produced by caring for her child since her sleep is altered, breastfeeding causes physiological wear on her your body and these changes can create anxiety.
If she has not been warned, a mother may be surprised that she is not as happy as she hoped with the arrival of her child and even think that she is not a good mother, but a little rest and support is usually enough to get through this period without problems. , especially if you take into account that it is something normal and transitory.
The symptoms of baby blues are not severe, and last 3 to 5 days. No medical treatment is necessary.
But what the mother can do to feel better during this stage of puerperal sadness is:
1. Sleep when the baby sleeps.
2. Delegate home chores.
3. Do not feel obligated to social commitments.
4. Ask for help from the partner and share with her what she feels, thinking that living with her baby implies mutual learning.
5. The help of grandmothers, close relatives or friends is very important because a support network is created around the new mother that will help her overcome this stage.
Above all, it can be very beneficial to join a new mother support group as soon as possible and talk to others to exchange ideas.
The most important thing is to ensure that the woman does not feel alone, but finds support in her environment and is able to ask for help when she needs it. The cases of postpartum depression are around 10-15%, that is to say that most of the times we say that a woman has it, we are really referring to a sadness. The symptoms of depression are much more pronounced, and more serious and last over time.
You can read more articles similar to What is baby blues after childbirth, in the Depression category on site.