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It is not easy to have a classroom with 20 or 30 children, being able to maintain a balance and harmony in the class so that all students attend and learn can be difficult at times.
Each student has their own idiosyncrasies and it is wrong for a teacher to try to make the students adapt to their way of working, the ideal is that the teacher take time to get to know his students and that it determines the classes depending on the interests and needs of the children in the classroom.
Sometimes teachers when they have the classroom with students who distort it, who have a disruptive behavior or who do not want to work sometimes use punishment to improve the balance of the classroom, but this sometimes has mistakes and successes that are worth remembering to use this strategy properly.
Punishments in school can be misused when a teacher does not take the student into account and only wants to reestablish harmony in the classroom by eliminating misbehavior on the spot. This is a problem that will be faced again in the long term because even if the behavior is eliminated in the moment, if the behavior is not modified and the reason for the misconduct is found out, the punishments are simply educational patches. A punishment will be an error when:
1. When you only want to eliminate misconduct to re-establish the class.
2. When the student is not taken into account.
3. When the reason for the punishment is not discussed with the student or students involved.
4. When punishments are used indiscriminately because the teacher feels overwhelmed by situations.
5. When not looking for the real source of the problem.
6. When long-term measures are not taken.
Punishments will become hits when instead of being indiscriminate and meaningless punishments for the student, they become consequences established by teacher and student and the child knows what consequences there will be after a certain behavior. Only in this way will the student be able to anticipate his bad behavior and have sufficient responsibility for himself to be able to redirect his behavior and behave appropriately to avoid the consequences that he himself agreed with the teacher in a specific situation. Punishments will be a success when:
1. When instead of punishments are agreed consequences.
2. When the student agrees with the teacher the consequences.
3. When the student collaborates in establishing the consequences for their actions.
4. When there are also rewards to promote good behavior.
5. When there is emotional support after the consequences and the teacher is busy talking about what happened with the student to reach new agreements and consequences.
6. When the student is aware of what has happened, he has a reason and looks for a way to solve this negative behavior.
Punishments should never be corporal or use derogatory language to humiliate the student. Punishments and consequences should be aimed at eliminating privileges (such as 10 minutes less of recess) or giving privileges in case of good behavior (such as the student doing something they like, such as being the class messenger).
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